Koteswara CM, Patnaik P. Peri-operative dexamethasone therapy and post operative psychosis in patients undergoing major oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2014 [cited 2014 Jul 30];30;94-6. Available from: http://www.joacp.org/article.asp?issn=0970-9185;year=2014;volume=30;issue=1;spage=94;epage=96;aulast=Koteswara
A patient manifesting an acute psychosis after receiving an injection of procaine penicillin is reported. The psychosis began immediately after drug administration and gradually abated over a forty-eight-hour period. The clinical presentation was dominated by paranoid delusions and a Capgras-like syndrome. Sixty-six previously reported cases were identified and reviewed. Patients manifested combinations of fear, auditory hallucinations, somatic hallucinations, visual hallucinations, and paranoid or religious delusions. The syndrome may occur with inadvertent intravenous injection of procaine and most likely reflects the action of procaine on limbic system structures.
Cummings JL, Barritt CF, Horan M. Delusions induced by procaine penicillin: case report and review of the syndrome. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1986-1987;16(2):163-8. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3744684
Olympio MA. Postanesthetic delirium: historical perspectives. J Clin Anesth. 1991 Jan-Feb;3(1):60-3. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2007046
We present a case of acute psychosis in a 46-year-old woman who had been treated orally with cotrimoxazole because of a severe infection of the urinary tract. She had started to develop psychotic symptoms with bizarre behavior two days before admission. Following discontinuation of antibiotic therapy, including cessation of treatment with cotrimoxazole and the induction of antipsychotic treatment, her mental state resolved to a stable premorbid level within 36 hours.
Weis S, Karagülle D, Kornhuber J, Bayerlein K. Cotrimoxazole-induced psychosis: a case report and review of literature. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2006 Nov;39(6):236-7. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17124650
Foster R¹, Olajide D, Everall IP. Antiretroviral therapy-induced psychosis: case report and brief review of the literature. HIV Med. 2003 Apr; 4(2):139-44. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12702135
P. Morgado. J. Gonçalves. P-404 – Postoperative psychosis – a case report. European Psychiatry – 2012 (Vol. 27Supplement 1, Page 1, DOI: 10.1016/S0924-9338(12)74571-6) Available from: http://www.europsy-journal.com/article/S0924-9338(12)74571-6/abstract
Carmel Bitondo Dyer, MD; Carol M. Ashton, MD, MPH; Tom A. Teasdale, MPH Postoperative Delirium: A Review of 80 Primary Data-Collection Studies. Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(5):461-465. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430050035004. Available from: http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=620154