General Anesthesia: This is where you are unconscious and have no awareness of other sensations. This could be in the form of vapors inhaled through a breathing mask or even medications instilled through a vein. An additional breathing tube may be inserted through your mouth and frequently into the windpipe to maintain proper breathing. Your anesthesiologist will monitor you closely during this time and adjust the length and level of anesthesia to fit the surgery.
Regional anesthesia: The anesthetic drug is injected near a cluster of nerves to numb the area of your body that requires surgery. The most common used regional anesthesia are spinal and epidural anesthesia that are injected in the back and are frequently used for childbirth and prostate surgery.
Local anesthesia: This is usually used when undergoing a minor surgery. The anesthetic drug is injected into the tissue to numb a specific area of your body.
Vital Signs – To ensure the patient is recovering properly, nurses maintain a close watch on vital signs including blood pressure, breathing, pulse, hydration, and more. They may also test mental function and level of consciousness.
Pain Levels and Medication – After surgery, it is often necessary to administer pain medication, and depending on the extent of the surgical procedure, this may range from a low-dose pill to Fentanyl or morphine.